US is one of two nations in the world that taxes its non-habitant citizens on worldwide income, in the same manner and rates as residents; the other is Eritrea. The United State Supreme Court maintained the constitutionality of imposition of like a tax in the case of Cook v. Tait.
Payroll taxes are enforced by the federal and all state governments. These inclusive Social Security and Medicare taxes enforced on both employers and employees, at a combined rate of 15.3% (13.3% for 2011 and 2012). Social Security tax applies only to the first $106,800 of wages in 2009 through 2011. However, benefits are just increased on the first $106,800 of wages. Employers must withstand income taxes on wages. An unemployment tax and certain other collects apply to employers. Salary taxes have dramatically increased as a share of federal income since the 1950s, while corporate income taxes have fallen as a share of income. (Company profits have not fallen as a share of GDP).
Property taxes are enforced by most local governments and many special goal authorities based on the fair market value of wealth. School and other authorities are often separately governed, and enforce separate taxes. Property tax is mostly enforced just on realty, though some jurisdictions tax some forms of business wealth. Property tax rules and rates diverge widely with yearly median rates ranging from 0.2% to 1.9% of a treasure's value depending on the state.
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